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Back pain : Preventing

Steps to lower the risk of developing back pain consist mainly of addressing some of the risk factors.
Exercise - regular exercise helps build strength as well as keeping your body weight down. Experts say that low-impact aerobic activities are best; activities that do not strain or jerk the back. Before starting any exercise program, talk to a health care professional.
There are two main types of exercise that people can do to reduce the risk of back pain:
Core-strengthening exercises- exercises that work the abdominal and back muscles, helping to strengthen muscles that protect the back.
Flexibility - exercises aimed at improving flexibility in your core, including your spine, hips, and upper legs, may help too.
Smoking - a significantly higher percentage of smokers have back pain incidences compared to non-smokers of the same age, height and weight.
Body weight - the amount of weight people carry, as well as where they carry it, affects the risk of developing back pain. The difference in back pain risk between obese and normal-weight individuals is considerable. People who carry their weight in the abdominal area versus the buttocks and hip area are also at greater risk.
Posture when standing - make sure you have a neutral pelvic position. Stand upright, head facing forward, back straight, and balance your weight evenly on both feet - keep your legs straight and your head in line with your spine.
Example of good back posture when using a computer
If you regularly use a computer, it is important to ensure that you have a chair with good back support and adopt a good posture and head position.
Posture when sitting - a good seat should have good back support, arm rests and a swivel base (for working). When sitting try to keep your knees and hips level and keep your feet flat on the floor - if you cant, use a footstool. You should ideally be able to sit upright with support in the small of your back. If you are using a keyboard, make sure your elbows are at right-angles and that your forearms are horizontal.
Lifting things - the secret for protecting your back when lifting things is to think "legs not back". In other words, use your legs to do the lifting, more than your back.
Keep your back as straight as you can, keeping your feet apart with one leg slightly forward so you can maintain balance. Bend only at the knees, hold the weight close to your body, and straighten the legs while changing the position of your back as little as possible.
Bending your back initially is unavoidable, but when you bend your back try not to stoop or squat, and be sure to tighten your stomach muscles so that your pelvis is pulled in. Most important, do not straighten your legs before lifting; otherwise you will be using your back for most of the work.
Do not lift and twist at the same time. If something is particularly heavy, see if you can lift it with someone else. While you are lifting keep looking straight ahead, not up nor down, so that the back of your neck is like a continuous straight line from your spine.
Moving things - remember that it is better for your back to push things across the floor, using your leg strength, rather than pulling them.
Shoes - flat shoes place less of a strain on the back.
Driving - it is important to have proper support for your back. Make sure the wing mirrors are properly positioned so you do not need to twist. The pedals should be squarely in front of your feet. If you are on a long journey, have plenty of breaks - get out of the car and walk around.
Your bed - you should have a mattress that keeps you spine straight, while at the same time supporting the weight of your shoulders and buttocks. Use a pillow, but not one that forces your neck into a steep angle.
Publish Date :  Apr-10-2018

Back pain : Treatments

In the vast majority of cases back pain resolves itself without medical help - just with careful attention and home treatment.
Pain can usually be addressed with over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers. Applying a hot compress or an ice pack to the painful area may also relieve pain.
Resting is helpful, but should not usually last more than a couple of days. Too much rest may actually be counterproductive by allowing muscles to weaken, which can lead to further episodes of back pain in the future.
Usually back pain is categorized into two types:
Acute - back pain comes on suddenly and persists for a maximum of three months.
Chronic - the pain gradually develops over a longer period, lasts for over three months, and causes long-term problems.
A considerable percentage of patients with back pain experience both occasional bouts of more intense pain as well as more-or-less continuous mild back pain, making it harder for the doctor to determine whether they have acute or chronic back pain.
If home treatments do not give the desired results, a doctor may recommend the following:
Medication - back pain that does not respond well to OTC painkillers may require a prescription NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug). Codeine or hydrocodone - narcotics - may also be prescribed for short periods; they require close monitoring by the doctor.
Some tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, have been shown to alleviate the symptoms of back pain, regardless of whether or not the patient has depression.
Physical therapy - the application of heat, ice, ultrasound and electrical stimulation, as well as some muscle-release techniques to the back muscles and soft tissues may help alleviate pain.
As the pain subsides the physical therapist may introduce some flexibility and strength exercises for the back and abdominal muscles. Techniques on improving posture may also help. The patient will be encouraged to practice the techniques regularly, even after the pain has gone, to prevent back pain recurrence.
Cortisone injections - if the above-mentioned therapies are not effective enough, or if the pain reaches down to the patients legs, cortisone may be injected into the epidural space (space around the spinal cord).
Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory drug; it helps reduce inflammation around the nerve roots. According to the Mayo Clinic, the pain-relief effect will wear off after less than six weeks.
Injections may also be used to numb areas thought to be causing the pain. Botox (botulism toxin), according to some early studies, are thought to reduce pain by paralyzing sprained muscles in spasm. These injections are effective for about 3 to 4 months.
CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) - CBT can help patients manage chronic back pain. The therapy is based on the principle that the way a person feels is, in part, dependent on the way they think about things.
People who can be taught to train themselves to react in a different way to pain may experience less perceived pain. CBT may use relaxation techniques as well as strategies to maintain a positive attitude. Studies have found that patients with CBT tend to become more active and do exercise, resulting in a lower risk of back pain recurrence.
Complementary therapies
A large number of patients opt for complementary therapies, as well as conventional treatments; some opt just for complementary therapies.
According to the NHS, chiropractic, osteopathy, shiatsu, and acupuncture may help relieve back pain, as well as encouraging the patient to feel relaxed.
An osteopath specializes in treating the skeleton and muscles.
A chiropractor treats joint, muscle and bone problems - the main focus being the spine.
Shiatsu, also known as finger pressure therapy, is a type of massage where pressure is applied along energy lines in the body. The shiatsu therapist applies pressure with his/her fingers, thumbs and elbows.
Acupuncture, which originates from China, consists of inserting fine needles and specific points in the body. Acupuncture can help the body release its natural painkillers - endorphins - as well as stimulating nerve and muscle tissue.
Yoga is a practice that involves specific poses, movements, and breathing exercises. Some forms of yoga may help strengthen the back muscles and improve posture. Care must be taken that exercises do not make back pain worse.
Studies on complementary therapies have given mixed results. Some people have experienced significant benefit, while others have not. It is important, when considering alternative therapies, to use a well qualified and registered therapist.
TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) - a popular therapy for patients with chronic (long-term) back pain. The TENS machine delivers small electric pulses into the body through electrodes that are place on the skin.
Experts believe TENS encourages the body to produce endorphins, and may possibly block pain signals returning to the brain. Studies on TENS have provided mixed results; some revealed no benefits, while others indicated that it could be helpful for some patients.

A TENS machine should be used under the direction of a doctor or health care professional.

Pregnant women, people with epilepsy, people with a pacemaker, and patients with a history of heart disease should not use a TENS machine.
Surgery - surgery for back pain is very rare. If a patient has a herniated disk surgery may be an option, especially if there is persistent pain and nerve compression which can lead to muscle weakness. Examples of surgical procedures include:
Fusion - two vertebrae are joined together, with a bone graft inserted between them. The vertebrae are splinted together with metal plates, screws or cages. There is a significantly greater risk for arthritis to subsequently develop in the adjoining vertebrae.
Artificial disk - an artificial disk is inserted; it replaces the cushion between two vertebrae.
Diskectomy - a portion of a disk may be removed if it is irritating or pressing against a nerve.
Partially removing a vertebra - a small section of a vertebra may be removed if it is pinching the spinal cord or nerves.
Injecting cells to regenerate spine discs - scientists from Duke University, North Carolina, developed new biomaterials that can deliver a booster shot of reparative cells to the nucleus pulpous, effectively eliminating pain caused by degenerative disc disease.
Recent developments on treating back pain from MNT news
Acupuncture back pain success determined by psychological factors According to new research, people being treated for lower back pain with acupuncture are likely to gain less benefit from the treatment if they have low expectations of how effective it is. The study, published in The Journal of Clinical Pain, also suggests that patients who are positive about their back pain and feel in control of their symptoms go on to experience less back-related disability while receiving acupuncture. High-frequency spinal cord stimulation more effective for chronic pain According to a study published in the journal Anesthesiology, a new high-frequency form of spinal cord stimulation therapy has the capacity to deliver more effective pain relief without any unwanted side effects.
Publish Date :  Apr-10-2018

Back pain : Signs and Symptoms

A symptom is something that the patient feels and reports, while a sign is something other people, such as the doctor detect. For example, pain may be a symptom while a rash may be a sign.
The main symptom of back pain is, as the name suggests, an ache or pain anywhere on the back, and sometimes all the way down to the buttocks and legs. Some back issues can cause pain in other parts of the body, depending on the nerves affected.
In most cases, signs and symptoms clear up on their own within a short period.
If any of the following signs or symptoms accompanies a back pain, people should see their doctor:
Weight loss
Elevated body temperature (fever)
Inflammation (swelling) on the back
Persistent back pain - lying down or resting does not help
Pain down the legs
Pain reaches below the knees
A recent injury, blow or trauma to your back
Urinary incontinence - you pee unintentionally (even small amounts)
Difficulty urinating - passing urine is hard
Fecal incontinence - you lose your bowel control (you poo unintentionally)
Numbness around the genitals
Numbness around the anus
Numbness around the buttocks
According to the British National Health Service (NHS), the following groups of people should seek medical advice if they experience back pain:
People aged less than 20 and more than 55 years
Patients who have been taking steroids for a few months
Drug abusers
Patients with cancer
Patients who have had cancer
Patients with depressed immune systems
Diagnosis
Most GPs (general practitioners, primary care physicians) will be able to diagnose back pain after carrying out a physical examination, and interviewing the patient. In the majority of cases imaging scans are not required.
If the doctor or patient suspects some injury to the back, tests may be ordered. Also, if the doctor suspects the back pain might be due to an underlying cause, or if the pain persists for too long, further tests may be recommended.
Suspected disk, nerve, tendon, and other problems - X-rays or some other imaging scan, such as a CT (computerized tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan may be used to get a better view of the state of the soft tissues in the patients back.
X-rays can show the alignment of the bones and whether the patient has arthritis or broken bones. They are not ideal for detecting problems with muscles, the spinal cord, nerves or disks.
MRI or CT scans - these are good for revealing herniated disks or problems with tissue, tendons, nerves, ligaments, blood vessels, muscles and bones.
Bone scan - a bone scan may be used for detecting bone tumors or compression fractures caused by brittle bones (osteoporosis). The patient receives an injection of a tracer (a radioactive substance) into a vein. The tracer collects in the bones and helps the doctor detect bone problems with the aid of a special camera.
Electromyography or EMG - the electrical impulses produced by nerves in response to muscles is measured. This study can confirm nerve compression which may occur with a herniated disk or spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal).
The doctor may also order a blood test if infection is suspected.
Chiropractic, osteopathy and physical therapy
A chiropractor works on the back of a patient
A chiropractor manipulates and adjusts the back of a patient.
A chiropractor - the chiropractor will diagnose by touching (palpation) and a visual inspection. Chiropractic is known as a direct approach, with a strong focus on the adjustments of the spinal joints. Most good chiropractors will also want to see imaging scan results, as well as blood and urine tests.
An osteopath - the osteopathic approach also diagnoses by touching and a visual inspection. Osteopathy involves slow and rhythmic stretching (mobilization), pressure or indirect techniques and manipulations on joints and muscles.
A physical therapist - a physical therapists training focuses on diagnosing problems in the joints and soft tissues of the body.
Publish Date :  Apr-10-2018

Back pain : Causes

Causes of back pain
The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks and bones - the segments of our spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads called disks. Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain. In some cases of back pain, its cause is never found.
A man with visible spine holds his back.
Problems with the spine such as osteoporosis can lead to back pain.
Strain - the most common causes of back pain are:
Strained muscles
Strained ligaments
A muscle spasm
Things that can lead to strains or spasms include:
Lifting something improperly
Lifting something that is too heavy
The result of an abrupt and awkward movement
Structural problems - the following structural problems may also result in back pain:
Ruptured disks - each vertebra in our spine is cushioned by disks. If the disk ruptures there will be more pressure on a nerve, resulting in back pain.
Bulging disks - in much the same way as ruptured disks, a bulging disk can result in more pressure on a nerve.
Sciatica - a sharp and shooting pain that travels through the buttock and down the back of the leg, caused by a bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.
Arthritis - patients with osteoarthritis commonly experience problems with the joints in the hips, lower back, knees and hands. In some cases spinal stenosis can develop, which is the term used to describe when the space around the spinal cord narrows.
Abnormal curvature of the spine - if the spine curves in an unusual way the patient is more likely to experience back pain. An example is scoliosis, a condition in which the spine curves to the side.
Osteoporosis - bones, including the vertebrae of the spine, become brittle and porous, making compression fractures more likely.
Below are some other causes of back pain:
Cauda equina syndrome - the cauda equine is a bundle of spinal nerve roots that arise from the lower end of the spinal cord. People with cauda equine syndrome feel a dull pain in the lower back and upper buttocks, as well as analgesia (lack of feeling) in the buttocks, genitalia and thigh. There are sometimes bowel and bladder function disturbances.
Cancer of the spine - a tumor located on the spine may press against a nerve, resulting in back pain.
Infection of the spine - if the patient has an elevated body temperature (fever) as well as a tender warm area on the back, it could be caused by an infection of the spine.
Other infections - pelvic inflammatory disease (females), bladder, or kidney infections may also lead to back pain.
Sleep disorders - individuals with sleep disorders are more likely to experience back pain, compared to others.
Shingles - an infection that can affect the nerves may lead to back pain, depending on the nerves affected.
Bad mattress - if a mattress does not support specific parts of the body and keep the spine straight, there is a greater risk of developing back pain.
Everyday activities or poor posture.
Back pain can also be the result of some everyday activity or poor posture. Examples include:
Example of poor posture when using a computer
Adopting a very hunched sitting position when using computers can result in increased back and shoulder problems over time.
Bending awkwardly
Pushing something
Pulling something
Carrying something
Lifting something
Standing for long periods
Bending down for long periods
Twisting
Coughing
Sneezing
Muscle tension
Over-stretching
Straining the neck forward, such as when driving or using a computer
Long driving sessions without a break, even when not hunched
Risk factors
A risk factor is something which increases the likelihood of developing a condition or disease. For example, obesity significantly raises the risk of developing diabetes type 2. Therefore, obesity is a risk factor for diabetes type 2.
The following factors are linked to a higher risk of developing low back pain:
A mentally stressful job
Pregnancy - pregnant women are much more likely to get back pain
A sedentary lifestyle
Age - older adults are more susceptible than young adults or children
Anxiety
Depression
Gender - back pain is more common among females than males
Obesity and overweight
Smoking
Strenuous physical exercise (especially if not done properly)
Strenuous physical work.
Publish Date :  Apr-07-2018

Low back pain

Low back pain facts
Functions of the low back, or lumbar area, include structural support, movement, and protection of certain body tissues.
Pain in the low back can be a result of conditions affecting the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.
Treatment of low back pain is optimally directed toward a diagnosed or suspected specific cause. For acute lumbar strain, use of a home remedy initially can be beneficial
Publish Date :  Apr-07-2018

Back pain

Back pain is pain in any region of the back. It is divided into neck pain (cervical), middle back pain (thoracic), lower back pain (lumbar) or coccydynia (tailbone or sacral pain) based on the segment affected. The lumbar area is the most common area for pain, as it supports most of the weight in the upper body. Episodes of back pain may be acute, sub-acute, or chronic depending on the duration. The pain may be characterized as a dull ache, shooting or piercing pain, or a burning sensation. Discomfort can radiate into the arms and hands as well as the legs or feet, and may include numbness, or weakness in the legs and arms.
Back pain can originate from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Internal structures such as the gallbladder, pancreas, aorta, and kidneys may also cause referred pain in the back.
Back pain is common, with about nine out of ten adults experiencing it at some point in their life, and five out of ten working adults having it every year. Some estimate up to 95% of Americans will experience back pain at some point in their lifetime. It is the most common cause of chronic pain, and is a major contributor of missed work and disability. However, it is rare for back pain to be permanently disabling. In most cases of herniated disks and stenosis, rest, injections or surgery have similar general pain resolution outcomes on average after one year. In the United States, acute low back pain is the fifth most common reason for physician visits and causes 40% of missed days off work. Additionally, it is the single leading cause of disability worldwide.
Publish Date :  Apr-07-2018

Yoga Poses For Viral Fever

While high-intensity exercise is not recommended for people with viral fever, very mild yoga poses can help to reduce the severity of the infection. Most of the yoga poses for viral fever are deep breathing techniques that will ease respiratory distress and make it easier for you to expel excess mucus.
Some of the best yoga poses for a viral fever include Sukhasana (Easy Pose), Padmasana (Lotus Pose), Marjaryasana (Cat Pose), Balasana (Child’s pose), Ananda Balasana (Happy baby pose), and Trikonasana (triangle pose). These viral fever yoga poses will also lower your fever and improve your body’s immune response to the pathogen.
The majority of viral fevers are mild and clear up within a matter of days but there are a few that can pose a serious health threat. Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of illnesses that are characterized by fever and hemorrhage.
Ebola and dengue are VHFs and they can prove to be deadly if they are not treated in time. This is why it is important to visit your doctor if your symptoms get worse or if you notice any type of rash or petechiae (small red or purple spots).
Publish Date :  Mar-30-2018

Home Remedies For Viral Fever

Garlic
Garlic has several health benefits, which is why it is often used in home remedies and folk medicine. Garlic works as an expectorant and it has antiviral properties that make it so effective in treating viral fever and respiratory infections. Allicin, a sulfur compound in garlic has been proven to be effective in treating the common cold and flu. Chop 3-4 cloves of garlic and add this to a glass of hot water. Once the water cools down a little, drink it and then eat the garlic pieces. Do this at least twice a day to speed up the recovery process and reduce the severity of your viral fever.
Oranges
Oranges contain phytochemicals called limonoids that have anti-viral properties. These compounds also help to increase a person’s white blood cells (WBC), which is very important in the case of an infection as white blood cells fight off infection. Have oranges or homemade orange juice at least once a day to help get rid of your viral fever. Do not have packaged orange juice as this would not have the same nutritional or therapeutic benefits as fresh orange juice.
Honey
Honey contains antiviral compounds and it also works well as a cough suppressant which makes it the ideal home remedy for viral fever. Honey contains enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, which helps raise the level of antioxidants in the blood, in turn, helping improve overall health. Honey also contains several types of sugars and it is a healthy carb food; by including a couple of spoons of honey in your daily diet when you have a viral fever, you can boost your energy levels and help your body fight off the infection. Honey is a commonly adulterated food, so make sure that you only buy brands that are well known.
Ginger
Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and it studies show that it can help to reduce muscle and joint pain. This is why ginger is a common home remedy for fever as it helps to reduce the severity of the pains and aches associated with viral fever. You can make a cup of hot ginger tea by steeping grated ginger in a glass of boiling hot water for 3-5 minutes. Alternatively, you can add half a teaspoon of freshly ground ginger paste to 5 tablespoons of honey and have a teaspoon of this syrup every hour to help relieve the symptoms of viral fever.
Publish Date :  Mar-28-2018

Treatment For Viral Fever

The treatment for viral fever is based solely on alleviating the symptoms of the infection. If your temperature is very high, your doctor may suggest antipyretic drugs to help control your fever. Similarly, if you have severe muscle, joint, or body aches, your doctor may recommend analgesic drugs to relieve the pain. If your viral fever is brought on by a respiratory infection, you can use a nasal decongestant but if your viral fever has been brought on by a stomach infection, you can have a probiotic supplement instead.
Do not try to self-medicate using an antibiotic – no matter how “strong” the antibiotic is, it will have no effect on the virus and in fact, it could leave you more susceptible to secondary infections. Antibiotics are meant to kill bacteria and they cannot damage a virus so make sure that you consult your doctor instead of trying to treat yourself. Have plenty of healthy foods that are not too oily or spicy.
Stick to foods like soups, idlis, jau roti, and dal khichdi as they are easy to digest. Have a power packed yogurt smoothie as a mid-day snack to revive your flagging energy levels.
Publish Date :  Mar-28-2018

How Long Does A Viral Fever Last

A viral fever generally lasts for 3-4 days although it can even last for 10 days or longer, especially in case of a severe infection. The intensity of the viral infection depends on the type of virus as well as the person’s age and health status. A viral infection in kids tends to last longer as their immune systems are not fully developed.

In cases where the viral fever is caused by a stomach bug, the fever can come down within a day or two if the infection is brought under control. Viral fever caused by a flu virus generally takes longer to subside and can last for up to 5 days. Keep a track of how long a viral fever lasts as this will help your doctor determine the type of virus so that your treatment course can be modified.
Publish Date :  Mar-14-2018

Viral Fever Diagnosis

A viral fever is often indistinguishable from a bacterial infection, as many of the symptoms are common to both types of infection. Sometimes, the doctor will be able to make a diagnosis based on your symptoms alone, but if the infection is severe, he might ask for a blood test in order to make a definite diagnosis.

In cases where the doctor suspects a particular virus, such as in the case of malaria, dengue, or chikungunya, he will ask for a blood test before he puts you on a treatment course. Apart from a CBC (complete blood count) test, here are a few of the tests for viral fever that your doctor may recommend.

Viral Antigen Detection Test For Viral Fever
When a virus infects a cell, it causes viral antigens to develop on the surface of the infected cell. It is these antigens that cause your immune system to produce antibodies to fight off the viral infection. A viral antigen detection test is often suggested to determine the cause of a viral fever, as it is a low cost test that offers rapid and accurate results.

The Antibody Test For Viral Fever
Your body produces antibodies to fight off an infection. Each antibody is specific to a virus and so an antibody blood test will determine the type and quantity of antibodies in your blood. This test will therefore help to identify the specific virus that is causing your viral fever, so that your doctor can determine the best course of treatment.

Viral Culture Test For Viral Fever
A viral culture test is sometimes required if the viral fever lasts for over a week. A viral culture test takes a small sample of infected fluid (blood or urine) and allows it to remain in conditions that support the growth and development of the virus. The cellular changes that the virus causes can be seen using a microscope. The main drawback to this type of test is that it can take several days to get the results of the test.
Publish Date :  Mar-14-2018

Viral Fever Prevention

Anti-viral drugs cannot destroy the infectious viruses and all they can do is prevent their development; this is why, when it comes to viral fever, prevention is better than cure. The only way to prevent viral fever is to boost your immune system so that it can fight off any infectious viruses. This is why the best way to prevent viral fever is to follow a balanced diet, drink enough water, exercise daily, and get a good night’s sleep.

Your immune system is particularly susceptible to nutritional deficiencies – zinc and vitamin C play a very important role in preventing infections so make sure that your daily diet contains these nutrients. Make it a habit to drink a glass of water every hour, throughout your day.

In addition, it would be a good idea to get physically active. You don’t need to follow a high-intensity workout on a daily basis, instead just go for a 20 minute walk every morning – this will also ensure that you meet your requirement for vitamin D – the “sunshine vitamin” which will strengthen your immune system and prevent viral fever and viral infections. Inadequate sleep has also been linked to several health problems, including lower immunity levels, so sleep for 7-8 hours a day and follow a regular sleep schedule.
Publish Date :  Mar-12-2018

Viral Fever Symptoms

A viral fever is characterized by a very high fever that is often remittent – where the fever abates for a little while and then shoots up once again. Some of the other common symptoms of viral fever include extreme fatigue, malaise, and muscle aches along with chills. OTC (over the counter) drugs provide little to no relief from viral fever symptoms. Some of the other symptoms of viral fever include:
* Severe joint pain
* Vomiting
* Nasal congestion
* Cough
* Headache
* Skin rashes
* Diarrhea
If you experience a high fever along with one or more of these symptoms, visit your doctor right away to determine if you have a viral fever.
Publish Date :  Mar-12-2018

Viral Fever Causes

THE HEALTH ORANGE > STAY HAPPY > HOLISTIC LIVING > Viral Fever Complete Guide: Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies & Prevention Tips
Viral Fever Complete Guide: Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies & Prevention Tips
by THE HEALTH ORANGE
A viral fever is generally caused by an airborne viral infection, although it can be caused by waterborne infections too. While you can take measures to prevent waterborne infections, there is little that you can do to prevent airborne viral infections as they spread through the very air we breathe.
A viral fever is rarely a cause for concern and in most cases, it clears without any medical intervention. However, it is not easy to differentiate between a bacterial infection and a viral fever as they share many of the same symptoms, which is why it is important to consult a doctor if your temperature reaches 102 degrees Fahrenheit or if it shows no signs of abatement after 48 hours.
Viral Fever Causes
A viral fever can be caused by any one (or more) of a number of viruses. The most common cause of viral fever is the common cold which is caused by a viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract. The common cold is known as acute viral rhinopharyngitis and it is the most common infectious disease.
While it can leave a person weak and fatigued, the common cold rarely causes any further medical complications. There are over 200 different viruses that are associated with colds and very often, more than one virus is present. Some of the other common viral fever causes include sinus infections, viral gastroenteritis, mono (kissing disease), and seasonal influenza (the flu).
Publish Date :  Mar-10-2018

Viral Fever

A viral fever is generally caused by an airborne viral infection, although it can be caused by waterborne infections too. While you can take measures to prevent waterborne infections, there is little that you can do to prevent airborne viral infections as they spread through the very air we breathe.

A viral fever is rarely a cause for concern and in most cases, it clears without any medical intervention. However, it is not easy to differentiate between a bacterial infection and a viral fever as they share many of the same symptoms, which is why it is important to consult a doctor if your temperature reaches 102 degrees Fahrenheit or if it shows no signs of abatement after 48 hours.
Publish Date :  Mar-05-2018

Best health tips ever

1. Copy your kitty: Learn to do stretching exercises when you wake up. It boosts circulation and digestion, and eases back pain.

2. Don’t skip breakfast. Studies show that eating a proper breakfast is one of the most positive things you can do if you are trying to lose weight. Breakfast skippers tend to gain weight. A balanced breakfast includes fresh fruit or fruit juice, a high-fibre breakfast cereal, low-fat milk or yoghurt, wholewheat toast, and a boiled egg.

3. Brush up on hygiene. Many people dont know how to brush their teeth properly. Improper brushing can cause as much damage to the teeth and gums as not brushing at all. Lots of people don’t brush for long enough, don’t floss and don’t see a dentist regularly. Hold your toothbrush in the same way that would hold a pencil, and brush for at least two minutes.

This includes brushing the teeth, the junction of the teeth and gums, the tongue and the roof of the mouth. And you dont need a fancy, angled toothbrush – just a sturdy, soft-bristled one that you replace each month.

4. Neurobics for your mind. Get your brain fizzing with energy. American researchers coined the term ‘neurobics’ for tasks which activate the brains own biochemical pathways and to bring new pathways online that can help to strengthen or preserve brain circuits.

Brush your teeth with your ‘other’ hand, take a new route to work or choose your clothes based on sense of touch rather than sight. People with mental agility tend to have lower rates of Alzheimers disease and age-related mental decline.

5. Get what you give! Always giving and never taking? This is the short road to compassion fatigue. Give to yourself and receive from others, otherwise you’ll get to a point where you have nothing left to give. And hey, if you can’t receive from others, how can you expect them to receive from you?

Read: Mind aerobics

6. Get spiritual. A study conducted by the formidably sober and scientific Harvard University found that patients who were prayed for recovered quicker than those who weren’t, even if they weren’t aware of the prayer.

7. Get smelly. Garlic, onions, spring onions and leeks all contain stuff that’s good for you. A study at the Child’s Health Institute in Cape Town found that eating raw garlic helped fight serious childhood infections. Heat destroys these properties, so eat yours raw, wash it down with fruit juice or, if you’re a sissy, have it in tablet form.

8. Knock one back. A glass of red wine a day is good for you. A number of studies have found this, but a recent one found that the polyphenols (a type of antioxidant) in green tea, red wine and olives may also help protect you against breast cancer. It’s thought that the antioxidants help protect you from environmental carcinogens such as passive tobacco smoke.

9. Bone up daily. Get your daily calcium by popping a tab, chugging milk or eating yoghurt. It’ll keep your bones strong. Remember that your bone density declines after the age of 30. You need at least 200 milligrams daily, which you should combine with magnesium, or it simply won’t be absorbed.

10. Berries for your belly. Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries contain plant nutrients known as anthocyanidins, which are powerful antioxidants. Blueberries rival grapes in concentrations of resveratrol – the antioxidant compound found in red wine that has assumed near mythological proportions. Resveratrol is believed to help protect against heart disease and cancer.

11. Curry favour. Hot, spicy foods containing chillies or cayenne pepper trigger endorphins, the feel-good hormones. Endorphins have a powerful, almost narcotic, effect and make you feel good after exercising. But go easy on the lamb, pork and mutton and the high-fat, creamy dishes served in many Indian restaurants.

12. Cut out herbs before ops. Some herbal supplements – from the popular St Johns Wort and ginkgo biloba to garlic, ginger, ginseng and feverfew – can cause increased bleeding during surgery, warn surgeons. It may be wise to stop taking all medication, including herbal supplements, at least two weeks before surgery, and inform your surgeon about your herbal use.

13. I say tomato. Tomato is a superstar in the fruit and veggie pantheon. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful cancer fighter. They’re also rich in vitamin C. The good news is that cooked tomatoes are also nutritious, so use them in pasta, soups and casseroles, as well as in salads.

The British Thoracic Society says that tomatoes and apples can reduce your risk of asthma and chronic lung diseases. Both contain the antioxidant quercetin. To enjoy the benefits, eat five apples a week or a tomato every other day.

14. Eat your stress away. Prevent low blood sugar as it stresses you out. Eat regular and small healthy meals and keep fruit and veggies handy. Herbal teas will also soothe your frazzled nerves.

Eating unrefined carbohydrates, nuts and bananas boosts the formation of serotonin, another feel-good drug. Small amounts of protein containing the amino acid tryptamine can give you a boost when stress tires you out.

15. Load up on vitamin C.We need at least 90 mg of vitamin C per day and the best way to get this is by eating at least five servings of fresh fruit and vegetables every day. So hit the oranges and guavas!

16. No folly in folic acid. Folic acid should be taken regularly by all pregnant mums and people with a low immunity to disease. Folic acid prevents spina bifida in unborn babies and can play a role in cancer prevention. It is found in green leafy vegetables, liver, fruit and bran.

17. A for Away. This vitamin, and beta carotene, help to boost immunity against disease. It also assists in the healing process of diseases such as measles and is recommended by the WHO. Good natural sources of vitamin A are kidneys, liver, dairy products, green and yellow vegetables, pawpaw, mangoes, chilli pepper, red sorrel and red palm oil.

18. Pure water. Don’t have soft drinks or energy drinks while youre exercising. Stay properly hydrated by drinking enough water during your workout (just dont overdo things, as drinking too much water can also be dangerous).

While you might need energy drinks for long-distance running, in shorter exercise sessions in the gym, your body will burn the glucose from the soft drink first, before starting to burn body fat. Same goes for eating sweets.

19. GI, Jane. Carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index, such as bread, sugar, honey and grain-based food will give instant energy and accelerate your metabolism. If you’re trying to burn fat, stick to beans, rice, pasta, lentils, peas, soya beans and oat bran, all of which have a low GI count.

20. Mindful living. Youve probably heard the old adage that lifes too short to stuff a mushroom. But perhaps you should consider the opposite: that lifes simply too short NOT to focus on the simple tasks. By slowing down and concentrating on basic things, youll clear your mind of everything that worries you.

Really concentrate on sensations and experiences again: observe the rough texture of a strawberrys skin as you touch it, and taste the sweet-sour juice as you bite into the fruit; when your partner strokes your hand, pay careful attention to the sensation on your skin; and learn to really focus on simple tasks while doing them, whether its flowering plants or ironing your clothes.


21. The secret of stretching. When you stretch, ease your body into position until you feel the stretch and hold it for about 25 seconds. Breathe deeply to help your body move oxygen-rich blood to those sore muscles. Dont bounce or force yourself into an uncomfortable position.

22. Do your weights workout first. Experts say weight training should be done first, because its a higher intensity exercise compared to cardio. Your body is better able to handle weight training early in the workout because youre fresh and you have the energy you need to work it.

Conversely, cardiovascular exercise should be the last thing you do at the gym, because it helps your body recover by increasing blood flow to the muscles, and flushing out lactic acid, which builds up in the muscles while youre weight training. It’s the lactic acid that makes your muscles feel stiff and sore.

23. Burn fat during intervals. To improve your fitness quickly and lose weight, harness the joys of interval training. Set the treadmill or step machine on the interval programme, where your speed and workload varies from minute to minute. Build up gradually, every minute and return to the starting speed. Repeat this routine. Not only will it be less monotonous, but you can train for a shorter time and achieve greater results.

24. Your dirtiest foot forward. If your ankles, knees, and hips ache from running on pavement, head for the dirt. Soft trails or graded roads are a lot easier on your joints than the hard stuff. Also, dirt surfaces tend to be uneven, forcing you to slow down a bit and focus on where to put your feet – great for agility and concentration.

25. Burn the boredom, blast the lard. Rev up your metabolism by alternating your speed and intensity during aerobic workouts. Not only should you alternate your routine to prevent burnout or boredom, but to give your body a jolt.

If you normally walk at 6.5km/h on the treadmill or take 15 minutes to walk a km, up the pace by going at 8km/h for a minute or so during your workout. Do this every five minutes or so. Each time you work out, increase your bouts of speed in small increments.

26. Cool off without a beer. Don’t eat carbohydrates for at least an hour after exercise. This will force your body to break down body fat, rather than using the food you ingest. Stick to fruit and fluids during that hour, but avoid beer.

27. ‘Okay, now do 100 of those’. Instead of flailing away at gym, enlist the help – even temporarily – of a personal trainer. Make sure you learn to breathe properly and to do the exercises the right way. You’ll get more of a workout while spending less time at the gym.

28. Stop fuming. Don’t smoke and if you smoke already, do everything in your power to quit. Don’t buy into that my-granny-smoked-and-lived-to-be-90 crud – not even the tobacco giants believe it. Apart from the well-known risks of heart disease and cancer, orthopaedic surgeons have found that smoking accelerates bone density loss and constricts blood flow. So you could live to be a 90-year-old amputee who smells of stale tobacco smoke. Unsexy.

29. Ask about Mad Aunt Edith. Find out your family history. You need to know if there are any inherited diseases prowling your gene pool. According to the Mayo Clinic, USA, finding out what your grandparents died of can provide useful – even lifesaving – information about what’s in store for you. And be candid, not coy: 25% of the children of alcoholics become alcoholics themselves.

30. Do self-checks. Do regular self-examinations of your breasts. Most partners are more than happy to help, not just because breast cancer is the most common cancer among SA women. The best time to examine your breasts is in the week after your period.

31. My smear campaign. Have a pap smear once a year. Not on our list of favourite things, but it’s vital. Cervical cancer kills 200 000 women a year and it’s the most prevalent form of cancer among black women, affecting more than 30 percent.

But the chances of survival are nearly 100 percent if it’s detected early. Be particularly careful if you became sexually active at an early age, have had multiple sex partners or smoke.

32. Understand hormones. Recent research suggests that short-term (less than five years) use of HRT is not associated with an increase in the risk of breast cancer, but that using it for more than ten years might be. Breast cancer is detected earlier in women using HRT, as they are more alert to the disease than other women.

32. Beat the sneezes. There are more than 240 allergens, some rare and others very common. If you’re a sneezer due to pollen: close your car’s windows while driving, rather switch on the internal fan (drawing in air from the outside), and avoid being outdoors between 5am and 10 am when pollen counts are at their highest; stick to holidays in areas with low pollen counts, such as the seaside and stay away from freshly cut grass.

33. Doggone. If you’re allergic to your cat, dog, budgie or pet piglet, stop suffering the ravages of animal dander: Install an air filter in your home.

Keep your pet outside as much as possible and brush him outside of the home to remove loose hair and other allergens. Better yet, ask someone else to do so.

34. Asthma-friendly sports. Swimming is the most asthma-friendly sport of all, but cycling, canoeing, fishing, sailing and walking are also good, according to the experts.

Asthma need not hinder peak performance in sport. 1% of the US Olympic team were asthmatics – and between them they won 41 medals.

35. Deep heat. Sun rays can burn even through thick glass, and under water. Up to 35% of UVB rays and 85% of UVA rays penetrate thick glass, while 50% of UVB rays and 75% of UVA rays penetrate a meter of water and wet cotton clothing.

Which means you’ll need sunscreen while driving your car on holiday, and water resistant block if you’re swimming.

36. Fragrant ageing. Stay away from perfumed or flavoured suntan lotions which smell of coconut oil or orange if you want your skin to stay young. These lotions contain psoralen, which speeds up the ageing process. Rather use a fake-tan lotion. Avoid sun beds, which are as bad as the sun itself.

37. Sunscreen can be a smokescreen. Sunscreen is unlikely to stop you from being sunburned, or to reduce your risk of developing skin cancer. That’s because most people don’t apply it properly, and stay in the sun too long.

The solution? Slather on sunscreen daily and reapply it often, especially if you’ve been in the water. How much? At least enough to fill a shot glass.

38. Laugh and cry. Having a good sob is reputed to be good for you. So is laughter, which has been shown to help heal bodies, as well as broken hearts. Studies in Japan indicate that laughter boosts the immune system and helps the body shake off allergic reactions.

39. It ain’t over till it’s over. End relationships that no longer work for you, as you could be spending time in a dead end. Rather head for more meaningful things. You could be missing opportunities while you’re stuck in a meaningless rut, trying to breathe life into something that is long gone.

40. Strong people go for help. Ask for assistance. Gnashing your teeth in the dark will not get you extra brownie points. It is a sign of strength to ask for assistance and people will respect you for it. If there is a relationship problem, the one who refuses to go for help is usually the one with whom the problem lies to begin with.

41. Save steamy scenes for the bedroom. Showering or bathing in water that’s too hot will dry out your skin and cause it to age prematurely. Warm water is much better.

Apply moisturiser while your skin is still damp – it’ll be absorbed more easily. Adding a little olive oil to your bath with help keep your skin moisturised too.

42. Here’s the rub. Improve your circulation and help your lymph glands to drain by the way you towel off. Helping your lymph glands function can help prevent them becoming infected.

When drying off your limbs and torso, brush towards the groin on your legs and towards the armpits on your upper body. You can do the same during gentle massage with your partner.

43. Sugar-coated. More than three million South Africans suffer from type 2 diabetes, and the incidence is increasing – with new patients getting younger. New studies show this type of diabetes is often part of a metabolic syndrome (X Syndrome), which includes high blood pressure and other risk factors for heart disease.

More than 80% of type 2 diabetics die of heart disease, so make sure you control your glucose levels, and watch your blood pressure and cholesterol counts.

44. Relax, it’s only sex. Stress and sex make bad bedfellows, it seems. A US survey showed that stress, kids and work are main factors to dampen libido. With the advent of technology that allows us to work from home, the lines between our jobs and our personal lives have become blurred.

People work longer hours, commutes are longer and work pervades all aspects of our lives, including our sexual relationships. Put nooky and intimacy on the agenda, just like everything else.

45. Good night, sweetheart. Rest heals the body and has been shown to lessen the risk of heart trouble and psychological problems.
Publish Date :  Feb-22-2018

ज़िन्दगी

"ज़िन्दगी एक सफ़र है,आराम से चलते रहो
उतार-चढ़ाव तो आते रहेंगें, बस गियर बदलते रहो"
"सफर का मजा लेना हो तो साथ में सामान कम रखिए
और
जिंदगी का मजा लेना हैं तो दिल में अरमान कम रखिए !!

तज़ुर्बा है हमारा... . .. _मिट्टी की पकड़ मजबुत होती है,
संगमरमर पर तो हमने .....पाँव फिसलते देखे हैं...!

जिंदगी को इतना सिरियस लेने की जरूरत नही यारों,

यहाँ से जिन्दा बचकर कोई नही जायेगा!

जिनके पास सिर्फ सिक्के थे वो मज़े से भीगते रहे बारिश में ....

जिनके जेब में नोट थे वो छत तलाशते रह गए...


पैसा इन्सान को ऊपर ले जा सकता है;

लेकिन इन्सान पैसा ऊपर नही ले जा सकता......


कमाई छोटी या बड़ी हो सकती है....

पर रोटी की साईज़ लगभग सब घर में एक जैसी ही होती है।

:👌 शानदार बात👌

इन्सान की चाहत है कि उड़ने को पर मिले,

और परिंदे सोचते हैं कि रहने को घर मिले...


कर्मो से ही पहचान होती है इंसानो की...

महेंगे कपडे तो,पुतले भी पहनते है दुकानों में !!..
Publish Date :  Feb-15-2018

Depression Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of depression can include:

depressed mood
reduced interest or pleasure in activities previously enjoyed, loss of sexual desire
unintentional weight loss (without dieting) or low appetite
insomnia (difficulty sleeping) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping)
psychomotor agitation, for example, restlessness, pacing up and down
delayed psychomotor skills, for example, slowed movement and speech
fatigue or loss of energy
feelings of worthlessness or guilt
impaired ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions
recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempt at suicide
Publish Date :  Feb-09-2018

Depression Tests

Depression is a mood disorder characterized by persistently low mood and a feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is a persistent problem, not a passing one, lasting on average 6 to 8 months.
older woman being counseled
Diagnosis starts with a consultation from a mental health expert.
Diagnosis of depression starts with a consultation with a doctor or mental health specialist. It is important to seek the help of a health professional to rule out different causes of depression, ensure an accurate differential diagnosis, and secure safe and effective treatment.
As for most visits to the doctor, there may be a physical examination to check for physical causes and coexisting conditions. Questions will also be asked - "taking a history" - to establish the symptoms, their time course, and so on.
Some questionnaires help doctors to assess the severity of depression. The Hamilton depression rating scale, for example, has 21 questions, with resulting scores describing the severity of the condition. The Hamilton scale is one of the most widely used assessment instruments in the world for clinicians rating depression.
What does not class as depression?
Depression is different from the fluctuations in mood that people experience as a part of normal life. Temporary emotional responses to the challenges of everyday life do not constitute depression.
Likewise, even the feeling of grief resulting from the death of someone close is not itself depression if it does not persist. Depression can, however, be related to bereavement - when depression follows a loss, psychologists call it a "complicated bereavement."
Publish Date :  Feb-04-2018

Fast facts on depression

Depression seems to be more common among women than men.
Symptoms include lack of joy and reduced interest in things that used to bring a person happiness.
Life events, such as bereavement, produce mood changes that can usually be distinguished from the features of depression.
The causes of depression are not fully understood but are likely to be a complex combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychosocial factors.
Publish Date :  Jan-29-2018

What is depression and what can I do about it?

Sadness, feeling down, having a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities - these are symptoms familiar to all of us. But, if they persist and affect our life substantially, it may be depression.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 7.6 percent of people over the age of 12 have depression in any 2-week period. This is substantial and shows the scale of the issue.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability. They estimate that 350 million people are affected by depression, globally.
Publish Date :  Jan-26-2018

Create Healthy Habits

If you make the right choices today, you can ward off problems tomorrow.
Brush your teeth twice a day and floss every day.
Dont smoke.
Limit your alcohol. Keep it to one drink a day.
If you have medication, take it exactly how your doctor prescribed it.
Improve your sleep. Aim for 8 hours. If you have trouble getting shut-eye, talk to your doctor.
Use sunscreen and stay out of the sun from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Wear your seatbelt.
Publish Date :  Jan-23-2018

Cut Down Your stress

It can take a toll on your health. You probably cant avoid it altogether, but you can find ways to ease the impact. Dont take on too much. Try to set limits with yourself and others. Its OK to say no.
To relieve stress, try:
Deep breathing
Meditation
Yoga
Massage
Exercise
Healthy eating
Talking to a friend, family member, or professional counselor .
Publish Date :  Jan-17-2018

Visit Your Doctor .

Get regular checkups. Your doctor keeps track of your medical history and can help you stay healthy. For example, if youre at risk for osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones, he may want you to get more calcium and vitamin D.
Your doctor may recommend screening tests to keep an eye on your health and catch conditions early when theyre easier to treat.
Publish Date :  Jan-16-2018

Exercise Every Day

The more active you are, the better, Meng says. Exercise boosts your heart health, builds muscle and bone strength, and wards off health problems.
Aim for 2 and a half hours of moderate activity, like brisk walking or dancing, every week. If youre OK with vigorous exercise, stick to 1 hour and 15 minutes a week of things like running or playing tennis. Add a couple of days of strength training, too.
If youre busy, try short bursts of activity throughout the day. Walk often. A good target is 10,000 steps a day. Take the stairs. Park your car far away from your destination.
As you improve, dial up the time and how hard you work out. If you want to lose a lot of weight, try for 300 minutes of exercise a week.
"Eating a healthy diet will go a long way
Publish Date :  Jan-09-2018

Follow a Heart-Healthy Diet

Theres an easy recipe if your goal is to keep away problems like heart disease and strokes.
Eat more fruits and veggies.
Choose whole grains. Try brown rice instead of white. Switch to whole wheat pasta.
Choose lean proteins like poultry, fish, beans, and legumes.
Cut down on processed foods, sugar, salt, and saturated fat.
Publish Date :  Jan-09-2018

What are the different types of asthma ?

The many potential triggers of asthma largely explain the different ways in which asthma can present. In most cases, the disease starts in early childhood from 2-6 years of age. In this age group, the cause of asthma is often linked to exposure to allergens, such as dust mites, tobacco smoke, and viral respiratory infections. In very young children, less than 2 years of age, asthma can be difficult to diagnose with certainty. Wheezing at this age often follows a viral infection and might disappear later, without ever leading to asthma. Asthma, however, can develop again in adulthood. Adult-onset asthma occurs more often in women, mostly middle-aged, and frequently follows a respiratory tract infection. The triggers in this group are usually nonallergic in nature
Types: allergic (extrinsic) and nonallergic (intrinsic) asthma
Your doctor may refer to asthma as being "extrinsic" or "intrinsic." A better understanding of the nature of asthma can help explain the differences between them. Extrinsic, or allergic asthma, is more common and typically develops in childhood. Approximately 70%-80% of children with asthma also have documented allergies. Typically, there is a family history of allergies. Additionally, other allergic conditions, such as nasal allergies or eczema, are often also present. Allergic asthma often goes into remission in early adulthood. However, in many cases, the asthma reappears later.

Intrinsic asthma represents a small amount of all cases. It usually develops after the age of 30 and is not typically associated with allergies. Women are more frequently affected and many cases seem to follow a respiratory tract infection. Obesity also appears to be a risk factor for this type of asthma. Intrinsic asthma can be difficult to treat and symptoms are often chronic and year-round.

What are asthma symptoms and signs?
Readers Comments 22 Share Your Story
The classic signs and symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath, cough (often worse at night), and wheezing (high-pitched whistling sound produced by turbulent airflow through narrow airways, typically with exhalation). Many patients also report chest tightness. It is important to note that these symptoms are episodic, and individuals with asthma can go long periods of time without any symptoms.

Common triggers for asthmatic symptoms include exposure to allergens (pets, dust mites, cockroach, molds, and pollens), exercise, and viral infections. Tobacco use or exposure to secondhand smoke complicates asthma management.

Many of the symptoms and signs of asthma are nonspecific and can be seen in other conditions as well. Symptoms that might suggest conditions other than asthma include new symptom onset in older age, the presence of associated symptoms (such as chest discomfort, lightheadedness, palpitations, and fatigue), and lack of response to appropriate medications for asthma.

The physical exam in asthma is often completely normal. Occasionally, wheezing is present. In an asthma exacerbation, the respiratory rate increases, the heart rate increases, and the work of respiration increases. Individuals often require accessory muscles to breathe, and breath sounds can be diminished. It is important to note that the blood oxygen level typically remains fairly normal even in the midst of a significant asthma exacerbation. Low blood oxygen level is therefore concerning for impending respiratory failure.

Quick Guide
What is Asthma? Asthma Myths Debunked
What is Asthma? Asthma Myths Debunked

How is asthma diagnosed?
The diagnosis of asthma begins with a detailed history and physical examination. Primary-care providers are familiar with the diagnosis of asthma, but specialists such as allergists or pulmonologists may be involved. A typical history is an individual with a family history of allergic conditions or a personal history of allergic rhinitis who experiences coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing, especially with exercise or during the night. There may also be a propensity toward bronchitis or respiratory infections. In addition to a typical history, improvement with a trial of appropriate medications is very suggestive of asthma.

In addition to the history and exam, the following are diagnostic procedures that can be used to help with the diagnosis of asthma:

Lung function testing with spirometry: This test measures lung function as the patient breathes into a tube. If lung function improves significantly following the administration of a bronchodilator, such as albuterol, this essentially confirms the diagnosis of asthma. It is important to note, however, that normal lung function testing does not rule out the possibility of asthma.
Measurement of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO): This can be performed by a quick and relatively simple breathing maneuver, similar to spirometry. Elevated levels of exhaled nitric oxide are suggestive of "allergic" inflammation seen in conditions such as asthma.
Skin testing for common aeroallergens: The presence of sensitivities to environmental allergies increases the likelihood of asthma. Of note, skin testing is generally more useful than blood work (in vitro testing) for environmental allergies. Testing for food allergies is not indicated in the diagnosis of asthma.
Other potential but less commonly used tests include provocation testing such as a methacholine challenge, which tests for airway hyperresponsiveness. Hyperresponsiveness is the tendency of the breathing tubes to constrict or narrow in response to irritants. A negative methacholine challenge makes asthma much less likely. Specialists sometimes also measure sputum eosinophils, another marker for "allergic" inflammation seen in asthma. Chest imaging may show hyperinflation, but is often normal in asthma. Tests to rule out other conditions, such as cardiac testing, may also be indicated in certain cases.
Blood testing can sometimes help differentiate between different types of asthma. Helpful blood tests include checking for the level of allergic antibody (IgE) or specialized white blood cells called eosinophils, which are often associated with allergic or extrinsic asthma.

What are asthma treatment options? Are there home remedies for asthma?
Readers Comments 52 Share Your Story
As per widely used guidelines, the treatment goals for asthma are to:

adequately control symptoms,
minimize the risk of future exacerbations,
maintain normal lung function,
maintain normal activity levels, and
use the least amount of medication possible with the least amount of potential side effects.
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the most effective anti-inflammatory agents available for the chronic treatment of asthma and are first-line therapy per most asthma guidelines. It is well recognized that ICS are very effective in decreasing the risk of asthma exacerbations. Furthermore, the combination of a long-acting bronchodilator (LABA) and an ICS has a significant additional beneficial effect on improving asthma control.

The most commonly used asthma medications include the following:

Short-acting bronchodilators (albuterol [Proventil, Ventolin, ProAir, ProAir RespiClick, Maxair, Xopenex]) provide quick relief and can be used in conjunction for exercise-induced symptoms.
Inhaled steroids (budesonide [Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Pulmicort Respules], fluticasone [Flovent, Arnuity Ellipta], beclomethasone [Qvar], mometasone [Asmanex], ciclesonide [Alvesco], flunisolide [Aerobid, Aerospan]) are first-line anti-inflammatory therapy.
Long-acting bronchodilators (salmeterol [Serevent], formoterol [Foradil], vilanterol) can be added to ICS as additive therapy. LABAs should never be used alone for the treatment of asthma.
Leukotriene modifiers (montelukast [Singulair], zafirlukast [Accolate], zileuton [Zyflo]) can also serve as anti-inflammatory agents.
Anticholinergic agents (ipratropium [Atrovent, Atrovent HFA], tiotropium [Spiriva], umeclidinium [Incruse Ellipta]) can help decrease sputum production.
Anti-IgE treatment (omalizumab [Xolair]) can be used in allergic asthma.
Anti-IL5 treatment (mepolizumab [Nucala], reslizumab [Cinqair]) can be used in eosinophilic asthma.
Chromones (cromolyn [Intal, Opticrom, Gastrocrom], nedocromil [Alocril]) stabilize mast cells (allergic cells) but are rarely used in clinical practice.
Theophylline (Respbid, Slo-Bid, Theo-24) also helps with bronchodilation (opening the airways) but is rarely used in clinical practice due to an unfavorable side-effect profile.
Systemic steroids (prednisone [Deltasone, Liquid Pred], prednisolone [Flo-Pred, Pediapred, Orapred, Orapred ODT], methylprednisolone [Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol], dexamethasone [DexPak]) are potent anti-inflammatory agents that are routinely used to treat asthma exacerbations but pose numerous unwanted side effects if used repeatedly or chronically.
Numerous additional monoclonal antibodies are also currently being studied and will likely be available within the next couple of years.
Immunotherapy or allergy shots have been shown to decrease medication reliance in allergic asthma.
There are no home remedies that have proven benefit for asthma.
There is often concern about potential long-term side effects of inhaled corticosteroids. Numerous studies have repeatedly shown that even long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids has very few if any sustained, clinically significant side effects, including changes in bone health, growth, or weight. However, the goal always remains to treat all individuals with the least amount of medication that is effective. Patients with asthma should be routinely reassessed for any appropriate changes to their medical regimen.

Asthma medications can be administered via inhalers either with or without a spacer or nebulized solution. It is important to note that if an individual has proper technique with an inhaler, the amount of medication deposited in the lungs is no different than that when using a nebulized solution. When prescribing asthma medications, it is essential to provide the appropriate teaching on proper delivery technique.

Smoking cessation and/or minimizing exposure to secondhand smoke are critical when treating asthma. Treating concurrent conditions such as allergic rhinitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may also improve asthma control. Vaccinations such as the annual influenza vaccination and pneumonia vaccination are also indicated.

Although the vast majority of individuals with asthma are treated as outpatients, treatment of severe exacerbations can require management in the emergency department or inpatient hospitalization. These individuals typically require use of supplemental oxygen, early administration of systemic steroids, and frequent or even continuous administration of bronchodilators via a nebulized solution. Individuals at high risk for poor asthma outcomes are referred to a specialist (pulmonologist or allergist). The following factors should prompt consideration or referral:

History of ICU admission or multiple hospitalizations for asthma
History of multiple visits to the emergency department for asthma
History of frequent use of systemic steroids for asthma
Ongoing symptoms despite the use of appropriate medications
Significant allergies contributing to poorly controlled asthma
Quick Guide
What should someone do when experiencing an asthma attack?
Patients experiencing acute asthma symptoms should first use their rescue inhaler (albuterol). If asthma symptoms are worsening and use of albuterol is increasing, then asthma patients should have a medical evaluation. A course of oral steroids may be indicated and an adjustment in asthma maintenance therapy may be needed. If symptoms are rapidly progressive, asthma patients should seek emergency medical care.

What is an asthma action plan?
Share Your Story
Patient education is a critical component in the successful management of asthma. An asthma action plan provides an individual with specific directions for daily asthma management and for adjusting medications in response to increasing symptoms or decreasing lung function, as usually measured by a peak flow meter.

What is the prognosis for asthma?
The prognosis for asthma is generally favorable. Children experience complete remission more often than adults. Although adults with asthma experience a greater rate of loss in their lung function as compared to age-controlled counterparts, this decline is usually not as severe as seen in other conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or emphysema. Asthma in the absence of other comorbidities does not appear to shorten life expectancy. Risk factors for poor prognosis from asthma include

a history of hospitalizations, especially ICU admissions or intubation,
frequent reliance on systemic steroids,
significant medical comorbidities.
The airway narrowing in asthma may become fixed over time and can resemble COPD or emphysema. The other main complication of asthma is due to side effects from oral steroid use, which can include bone loss (osteoporosis), weight gain, and glucose intolerance.

Is it possible to prevent asthma?
With the increasing prevalence of asthma, numerous studies have looked for risk factors and ways to potentially prevent asthma. It has been shown that individuals living on farms are protected against wheezing, asthma, and even environmental allergies. The role of air pollution has been questioned in both the increased incidence of asthma and in regards to asthma exacerbations.

Climate change is also being studied as a factor in the increased incidence of asthma. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a risk factor for asthma and poor outcomes. Tobacco smoke is also a significant risk factor for the development and progression of asthma. Treatment of environmental allergies with allergen immunotherapy, or allergy shots, has been shown to decrease a childs risk of developing asthma. The development of asthma is ultimately a complex process influenced by many environmental and genetic factors, and currently there is no proven way to decrease an individuals risk of developing asthma.
Publish Date :  Jan-02-2018

What is the definition of asthma ?

Asthma is a complex clinical syndrome of chronic airway inflammation characterized by recurrent, reversible, airway obstruction. Airway inflammation also leads to airway hyperreactivity, which causes airways to narrow in response to various stimuli.
Asthma is a common chronic condition, affecting approximately 8%-10% of Americans, or an estimated 23 million Americans as of 2008. Asthma remains a leading cause of missed work days. It is responsible for 1.5 million emergency department visits annually and up to 500,000 hospitalizations. Over 3,300 Americans die annually from asthma. Furthermore, as is the case with other allergic conditions, such as eczema (atopic dermatitis), hay fever (allergic rhinitis), and food allergies, the prevalence of asthma appears to be on the rise.
Asthma vs. COPD
Asthma is characterized by reversible airway narrowing, whereas COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) typically has fixed airway narrowing. Some symptoms of COPD are similar to asthma, including wheezing, shortness of breath, and cough. The cough in COPD can be more productive of mucus than asthma, and patients with severe COPD may need oxygen supplementation. COPD is very often a result of cigarette smoke exposure, either direct or secondhand, although severe asthma can evolve to COPD over time. Medications used to treat COPD include inhaled corticosteroids, bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroid / bronchodilator combinations, long-acting muscarinic antagonists, and oral steroids. There is a newly described syndrome called asthma/COPD overlap syndrome that displays characteristics of both asthma and COPD. This is an area of medicine that needs further study.
What are risk factors and causes of asthma?
Share Your Story
Asthma results from complex interactions between an individuals inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. The factors that cause a genetically predisposed individual to become asthmatic are poorly understood. The following are risk factors for asthma:
Family history of allergic conditions
Personal history of hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
Viral respiratory illness, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), during childhood
Exposure to cigarette smoke
Obesity
Lower socioeconomic status
Publish Date :  Dec-21-2017

Asthma and You

What Is Asthma?
Asthma is a lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways, causing wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing at night or early morning. It starts mostly in childhood but affects all age groups. Some 24.6 million Americans have asthma, seven million of them children. Asthma is a chronic—long-term—disease.
Overview
Airways are tubes that carry air into and out of your lungs. People with asthma have inflamed airways. They are swollen, very sensitive, and tend to react strongly to some inhaled substances.
When airways react, surrounding muscles tighten, airways narrow, and less air flows into the lungs. Swelling can worsen, making airways even narrower. There may be more mucus than normal, causing further narrowing.
This chain reaction can cause asthma symptoms each time airways inflame.
Sometimes, symptoms are mild and go away on their own or after treatment with medicine. Other times, they may get worse. If you have more symptoms or they get worse, you’re having an asthma attack, or flareup.
It’s important to treat symptoms when they first appear to prevent them from getting worse and causing severe attacks. Severe attacks require emergency care and can be fatal.
Outlook
Asthma can’t be cured, but it can be controlled. With today’s knowledge and treatments, most asthmatics (people who have asthma) can manage the disease. They have few, if any, symptoms, live normal, active lives and sleep through the night.
For successful, ongoing treatment, manage your asthma actively. Build strong partnerships with your doctor and other healthcare providers.
What Causes Asthma?
Asthma’s cause is unknown. Some genetic and environmental factors may interact to cause asthma, most often early in life, including:
An inherited tendency to develop allergies
Parents with asthma
Environmental exposures—to allergens, tobacco smoke, or respiratory viral infections—during pregnancy, infancy, or early childhood.
Researchers continue to explore what causes asthma.
Who Is at Risk?
Asthma affects people of all ages, but most often starts during childhood. There are more than 24.6 million Americans with asthma, seven million of them children.
Young children who frequently wheeze when they have respiratory infections and who have other risk factors—parents with asthma, eczema (an allergic skin condition), allergies—are at highest risk of asthma continuing beyond six years of age.
More boys have asthma than girls. In adults, more women than men have asthma. The role of gender and sex hormones is unclear. Most people who have asthma have allergies. Some people develop “occupational asthma” from contact with chemicals or dusts in the workplace.
Triggers
Many things can set off or worsen symptoms. Triggers may include:
Allergens from dust mites, animal fur, cockroaches, mold, and pollen from trees, grasses, and flowers
Cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals or dust in the workplace, and sprays (such as hairspray)
Aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some blood pressure medicines called beta blockers
Sulfites in foods and drinks
Colds and other viral upper respiratory infections
Physical activity, including exercise
Asthma can be harder to manage due to rhinitis, sinus infections, reflux disease, psychological stress, and sleep apnea. These need to be included as part of an overall asthma care plan.
Asthma is different for each person. Some triggers listed above may not affect you. Others that do may not be on the list. Talk with your doctor about what seems to make your asthma worse, and how you can reduce your exposure to them.
Diagnosis
Asthma is diagnosed based on your medical and family histories, a physical exam, and test results. You may need to see an asthma specialist if you:
need special tests to help diagnose asthma
have had a life-threatening asthma attack
need more than one kind or higher doses of a medicine to control, or have problems controlling your asthma
are considering getting allergy treatments
Medical and Family Histories
Your doctor may ask about your family history of asthma and allergies, and whether, how often, and when you have asthma symptoms. Be sure to say whether your symptoms happen only during certain times and in certain places, or if they get worse at night.
Your doctor also may ask what triggers or worsens your symptoms, and about related health conditions that can interfere with asthma management, such as a rhinitis, sinus infections, reflux disease, psychological stress, and sleep apnea.
Physical Exam
Your doctor will listen to your breathing and examine your chest, nose, and skin for signs of asthma or allergies, including wheezing, rhinitis, or swollen nasal passages, and allergic skin conditions (such as eczema). You can still have asthma even if you don’t exhibit these signs when you are examined.
Diagnostic Tests
Lung Function Test
Your doctor will check your lungs, including how fast you can blow air out. You may be given medicine, then tested again to see whether the results have improved. If the initial results are below normal and improve with the medicine, and if your medical history shows a pattern of asthma symptoms, you are likely to be diagnosed with asthma.
Other Tests
Other tests to diagnose asthma include:
Allergy testing.
Measuring sensitivity of airways. This test repeatedly measures lung function during physical activity or after receiving increasing doses of cold air or breathing in a special chemical.
Comparing your symptoms with those of conditions similar to asthma’s, such as reflux disease, vocal cord dysfunction, or sleep apnea.
A chest X-ray or EKG (electrocardiogram) to help find out whether a foreign object or other disease may be causing your symptoms.
Diagnosing Children
Most children develop asthma before they are five, but it can be hard to diagnose. Sometimes, asthma symptoms occur with other conditions. Also, many young children who wheeze when they get colds or respiratory infections don’t develop asthma.
A child may wheeze because he or she has small airways that become even narrower during colds or respiratory infections. The airways grow as the child grows older, so wheezing stops. A young child who has frequent wheezing with colds or respiratory infections is more likely to develop asthma if:
One or both parents have asthma
The child has signs of allergies, including the allergic skin condition eczema
The child wheezes even when he or she doesn’t have a cold or other infection
The most certain way to diagnose asthma is with a lung function test, medical history, and physical exam. However, it’s hard to do lung function tests in children younger than five. Doctors must rely on medical histories, signs and symptoms, and physical exams. A four to six-week trial of asthma medicines to see how well a child responds also may be used.
Treatment and Control
Since asthma can’t be cured, the goal is to:
Prevent chronic, troublesome coughing, shortness of breath, and other symptoms
Reduce the need for quick-relief medicines
Help maintain good lung function
Maintain normal activity and sleep through the night
Prevent attacks resulting in emergency room visits or hospital stays
Everyone, including younger children who are able, should actively manage their asthma care.
This involves:
Following a written asthma action plan that you develop with your doctor
Taking medicines correctly
Avoiding asthma triggers (except physical activity; you can take medication to allow full participation in physical activities
Recognizing and acting promptly to symptoms and signs of worsening asthma
Seeking medical care for asthma attacks when it is needed
Getting regular “asthma checkups” (about every six months if your asthma is in good control; more frequently if it is not)
Treating other conditions that can interfere with asthma management
Medicines
Asthma is treated with long-term control and quick-relief medicines. The former help reduce airway inflammation and prevent asthma symptoms; the latter relieve asthma symptoms that flare up. The initial treatment for long-term management of asthma depends on the severity of the asthma. Long-term follow-up treatment depends on how well the asthma is controlled.
Control can vary over time and with changes in home, school, or work environments, which alter exposure to asthma triggers. Medicines may need to be increased if asthma doesn’t stay under control. If it does, they may be decreased. The goal is to maintain the best control possible with the least amount of medicine necessary.
Asthma treatment for certain groups of people—such as children, pregnant women, or those for whom exercise brings on asthma symptoms—will need to be adjusted to meet their special needs.
Publish Date :  Dec-04-2017

Follow a Heart-Healthy Diet

Theres an easy recipe if your goal is to keep away problems like heart disease and strokes.

Eat more fruits and veggies.
Choose whole grains. Try brown rice instead of white. Switch to whole wheat pasta.
Choose lean proteins like poultry, fish, beans, and legumes.
Cut down on processed foods, sugar, salt, and saturated fat.
Publish Date :  Dec-04-2017

Adequate sleep is good for health

SAP India CEO Ranjan Das Dies After Gym Workout

Ranjan Das, CEO and MD of SAP-Indian subcontinent died after a massive cardiac arrest in Mumbai recently.
One of the youngest CEOs, he was only 42.

What killed Ranjan Das?

He was very active in sports, was a fitness freak and a marathon runner.

After his workout, he collapsed with a massive heart attack and died. He is survived by his wife and two very young kids.

It was certainly a wake-up call for corporate India. However, it was even more disastrous for runners.

The question arises as to why an exceptionally active, athletic person succumbed to a heart attack at 42 years of age.

What is the real reason?

Everyone missed out a small line in the reports that Ranjan used to manage with 4-5 hours of sleep.

In an earlier interview of Ranjan on NDTV in the program ‘Boss day out’, Ranjan Das himself admitted that he sleeps less and would love to get more sleep.

Short sleep duration (<5 or 5-6 hours) increases risk for high BP by 350% to 500% compared to those who slept longer than 6 hours per night.

Young people (25-49 years of age) are twice as likely to get high BP if they sleep less.

Individuals who sleep less than 5 hours a night have a 3-fold increased risk of heart attacks.

Just one night of sleep loss increases very toxic substances in body such as Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and C-reactive protein (CRP). They also cause cancer, arthritis and heart disease.

Sleeping for <=5 hours per night leads to 39% increase in heart disease.
Sleeping for <=6 hours per night leads to 8% increase in heart disease.

What is ideal sleep?

In brief, sleep is composed of two stages: REM (Rapid Eye Movement) and non-REM. The former helps in mental consolidation while the latter helps in physical repair and rebuilding.

No wonder when one wakes up with an alarm clock after 5-6 hours of sleep, he/she is mentally irritable throughout the day (lack of REM sleep).

And if somebody has slept for less than 5 hours, the body is in a complete physical mess (lack of non-REM sleep), the person is tired throughout the day and immunity is way down.

CONCLUSION:
Barring stress control, Ranjan Das did everything right: eating proper food, exercising, maintaining proper weight. But he missed getting proper and adequate sleep, minimum 7 hours. That killed him.

We are playing with fire if we are sleeping less than 7 hours even if we have low stress.

Do not set your alarm clock under 7 hours.

Ranjan Das is not alone.

Do Share it with all the Good People In ur Life...😊

From:
DR.N Siva
(Senior Cardiologist)
Publish Date :  Nov-30-2017

Plan the day in advance

Plan the day in advance
If you are running short of time to make yourself available for the kids and office, then planning the day in advance will help not to waste vital time unnecessarily. Many people complain that they do not find time enough to accomplish the obligations just because they fail to learn time management skills. Make a priority of the works to be completed and avoid all the unnecessary stress and tension. If you have certain appointments like going to kids school or meeting a doctor, then find a day which has less works to be done. Prioritizing the works and preplanning will help smooth running of both office life and family life.
Be with kids whenever you are at home
Many parents get into the household works, immediately they return home from office. This again makes kids to feel unwanted or abandoned as they do not get opportunity to play with parents or talk with them. Household works like washing, cooking etc., are important for parents, also making kids happy and comfortable. Experts suggest parents to involve kids in the household work when you are back at home. You can talk to the kids when you are engaged with some work or ask them to help with small works. This will increase the communication between kids and parents and the affection will remain intact. Never make the kids feel that office work and household works are more important for the parents than the children.
Take kids for shopping or outside dinner
Include your kids when you go shopping or take them once a while for a dinner outside. Such occasions help maintaining the affectionate relationship between parents and kids. Ask their suggestions while purchasing household objects and buy them gifts or sweets. Get into conversation with them whenever you get time to do so. Ask them about their studies, personal issues etc., to make them feel that parents are interested in all the aspects of kids life.
Do not complain but cop up
Complaining all the daylong about the tensions and burdens will help only doubling them. Also showing a bad face will spoil the day of all the people around you. Try to learn tension releasing skills and apply them when you are stressed. It is necessary to recognize the certain level of obligations the life demands from all and never compare yourself with another fortunate people. Expressing your frustrations of work to children make help to make them the feeling that they are the cause of all the troubles parents undergo and may gradually move away from parents, emotionally.
Health is an important concern
Taking care of the health is an important concern as proper health helps a person to meet all the duties of life. Do not neglect the health when the duties of life struggle. Find time for exercises and eating good food even when you are tensed of the office works and parenting duties.
Publish Date :  Nov-25-2017

Rediscover Your Doctor

Do U Know

Do you know when we are treating you of viral fever we get exposed to the virus .

Do you know when we are doing surgery we get cuts and pricks that may transmit disease from patient to doctor.

Do you know when we do dressing for diabetic ...foot we feel nauseated by smell whole day we dont feel like eating.

Do you know when we do delivery patient pass urine and motion that may spill on us.

Do you know even when my child suffers from fever I go and treat others leaving him to my servents even though it is very painful.

Do you know for every delivery case we get at least 10 calls throughout night . And then again we r back to work next day !!

Do you know when neurosurgeon operates for 12 hours continuously he forgets food and sleep .

Do you know a cardiologist is exposed to radiation to dangerous levels in Cath lab .

Do you life span of doctors is 10 years less than public average because of stress .

A doctor don’t just work for money. With our intelligence we can earn better money with other profession .

Please respect doctors.
Support them if your children need doctor in future.
Dr. R.K. Garg
Anshu Hospital , Bapu Nagar , Jaipur
Publish Date :  Nov-22-2017

Child Care: Tips Good Day Care

Whether you choose a formal child-care center, family day care, or in-home care, there are some basic things you should know and insist upon. To help you make this all-important decision, weve talked to mothers and other experts who have been in the child-care trenches. Here are eight ways to size up a child-care option:
1. Look down. When youre visiting a potential site, pay attention to how the staff interacts with the children. Ideally, a caregiver should be on the floor playing with the kids or holding one on her lap. In their early years, babies need close, loving, interactive relationships with adults in order to thrive. Thats why its especially important that babies first caregivers be warm and responsive, and that even in group care, infants and older babies get a healthy dose of one-on-one time. (Though individual states set their own staffing ratios for child-care facilities, the American Academy of Pediatrics specifically recommends a ratio of one adult for every three babies up to 24 months of age.)
2. Ask for a commitment. Babies need consistent, predictable care. It helps them to form a secure attachment to their caregivers, according to Debra K. Shatoff, a family therapist in private practice in St. Louis. If youre looking at an in-home caregiver, request that the person youre considering make a one-year commitment to the job. If youre considering a center, find out how long the current caregivers have been working there and how much turnover the center usually experiences.
3. Do a policy check. Find out whether you share parenting philosophies on topics such as discipline (Do the caregivers use time-outs, scoldings?); television (Is the TV on all day or used sparingly, if at all?); feeding (What snacks or drinks are provided for older babies?); sleeping (When are naps offered? How are fussy babies put to sleep?); and so forth. Inquire about the sick-child policy (What symptoms prevent a child from attending?). Also ask whether theres a backup plan should the family day-care provider or in-home caregiver get sick and be unable to work. The more questions you ask early on, the less likely you are to be unpleasantly surprised later.
4. Drop by and spy. While word-of-mouth referrals from other parents or trusted resources are important, you need to look at a place for yourself to assess whether it meets your needs. Of course, any child-care environment should be kept clean, childproofed, and well stocked with sturdy books and toys that are age-appropriate. Other details to consider: When older children share the space, toys with small parts (choking hazards) should be kept away from younger babies. Ideally, infants and babies should have their own area where they wont get "loved" too much by older toddlers. A room or separate area dedicated solely to swings and bouncers may look appealing at first glance, but keep in mind that growing babies need plenty of floor time to develop and strengthen their muscles. If possible, try to visit the same centers at different times of the day to get a sense of how the staff interacts with the children and what the routine is. You may want to consider popping in unannounced a few times after youve enrolled your child, just to see how things are going. Sometimes your visits will confirm that the place is right for you, but sometimes theyll be a real eye-opener.
5. Keep talking. Until your baby can talk, you will be relying on what the caregiver tells you about your childs day. Make sure you can communicate comfortably with each other. When you first hand off your child in the morning, you should tell the caregiver how your little one slept the night before, if he is teething, and whether he ate breakfast. At the end of the day youll want to know similar information, such as the number of diapers he went through, when he napped, and if he seemed happy overall. Its always preferable to speak to the caregiver in person. If thats not possible, ask if theres a convenient time to phone, perhaps at nap time.
6. Problem-solve pronto. Its inevitable that youll experience conflicts with your caregiver, both large and small. Address problems right away rather than ignoring them until they grow out of proportion. Some issues can be resolved quickly; others may require more discussion. Whatever the conflict, treat the caregiver in a respectful manner, but dont be afraid to speak up, says Deborah Borchers, MD, a pediatrician in private practice in Cincinnati. When broaching a difficult subject, ask the caregivers opinion, and hear her out. As the parent, you have the final word with an in-home caregiver, but youre more likely to elicit cooperation if the caregiver knows she has been heard. For example, instead of demanding an earlier nap time to make bedtime easier, ask the caregiver if she has ideas about how to adjust your babys schedule so he wont grow so overtired in the evening.
7. Trust your gut. Every parent knows when something doesnt feel quite right. You may be turned off by a center everyone in town raves about or clash with a highly recommended sitter. If that happens, keep searching. Babies deserve, and thrive under, good, nurturing care. If something just doesnt feel right about your situation, investigate other options.
8. Be open to change. Youre not married to a particular person or situation, and if things dont work out, you can always make a switch. Yes, you want consistency for your baby, but that doesnt mean you cant alter arrangements. Babies are resilient; as long as theyre having a positive experience with their new caregiver, theyll be just fine, points out Dr. Shatoff.
No matter what your work hours, you are still your childs essential caregiver -- the most consistent source of love and support in her life. Under your care and guidance, along with the help of your well-chosen caregivers, your baby will flourish and grow into a happy, healthy child.
Publish Date :  Nov-21-2017

Child Care Options

Here are eight ways to size up a child-care option:
• Look down. When youre visiting a potential site, pay attention to how the staff interacts with the children. ...
• Ask for a commitment. ...
• Do a policy check. ...
• Drop by and spy. ...
• Keep talking. ...
• Problem-solve pronto. ...
• Trust your gut. ...
• Be open to change.
Publish Date :  Nov-11-2017

Useful tips on child care for working parents

Parenting is a task that requires full time dedication, thus working parents often feel it difficult to accomplish both the obligations of work and parenting. In modern world, both the father and mother working is the common lifestyle and when there are kids, especially infants, they fall into a dilemma and may feel afraid if they fall behind in their duties to the children. Being a working parent is a very much challenging role as both the tasks may overlap at certain times and clash between. When children are sick or when the parent is required to be with the children, they may have to drop of the work of the day; similarly, when the work demands few extra hours, kids may feel bad about the unavailability of parents with them. Balancing both work and parenting roles is not an easy task and it requires extra skills and energy. There are many suggested tips, if followed can make the life much relaxed.
Publish Date :  Nov-04-2017

For children their parents

For children of divorce who felt caught between their parents, their cortical would be elevated after their conversation. But if their parent supported them emotionally and comforted them, their cortical levels would show a pretty steep decline within 30 to 45 minutes. After their interaction, the kid’s stress level was like a super ball bouncing around a room, and they’d still be revved up 45 minutes later. Keep in mind that we were measuring just one interaction between a parent and child. So if the parents were always fighting, imagine what that does to a kid’s body and how it might affect their stress and anxiety long-term. While our study sample was biased — the people who participate in such studies are likely to be better communicators than people who don’t participate — I do think our study can offer a conservative estimate of what happens in people’s lives.
Publish Date :  Oct-07-2017

Vaccination

Vaccination for elderly The best gift to your grandparents is to get them vaccinated if they have not been vaccinated earlier.
• Annual influenza or flu vaccine is recommended for all persons aged 6 months and older.
• Pneumonia vaccine should be given to all adults aged 65 years and older.
• Tetanus Toxoid should be given to all irrespective of age after every 10 years.
• A single dose of herpes zoster vaccine is recommended for adults aged 60 years and older regardless whether they have had a previous episode of herpes zoster. The vaccination begins at 60 years of age.
• Hepatitis B vaccine should be given to all if they have not been vaccinated earlier.
• All diabetics aged 60 years or older should be vaccinated for hepatitis B.
This recommendation is based on increased need for associated blood glucose monitoring in long term care facilities.
• All patients with chronic liver diseases should also be given the Hepatitis B vaccine.
Publish Date :  Oct-06-2017

Prevent Swine Flu

The only portals of entry are the nostrils and mouth/throat. In a global epidemic of this nature, its almost impossible to avoid coming into contact with H1N1 in spite of all precautions. Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is.

While you are still healthy and not showing any symptoms of H1N1 infection, in order to prevent proliferation, aggravation of symptoms and development of secondary infections, some very simple steps, not fully highlighted in most official communications, can be practiced (instead of focusing on how to stock N95 or Tamiflu):

1. Frequent hand-washing (well highlighted in all official communications).

2. "Hands-off-the-face" approach. Resist all temptations to touch any part of face (unless you want to eat, bathe or slap).

3. Gargle twice a day with warm salt water (use medicated gargle if you dont trust salt).. H1N1 takes 2-3 days after initial infection in the throat/ nasal cavity to proliferate and show characteristic symptoms. Simple gargling prevents proliferation. In a way, gargling with salt water has the same effect on a healthy individual that Tamiflu has on an infected one. Dont underestimate this simple, inexpensive and powerful preventative method.

4. Similar to 3 above, clean your nostrils at least once every day with warm salt water. Not everybody may be good at Jala Neti or Sutra Neti (very good Yoga asanas to clean nasal cavities), but blowing the nose hard once a day and swabbing both nostrils with cotton buds dipped in warm salt water is very effective in bringing down viral population.

5. Boost your natural immunity with foods that are rich in Vitamin C (Amla and other citrus fruits). If you have to supplement with Vitamin C tablets, make sure that it also has Zinc to boost absorption.

6. Drink as much of warm liquids (tea, coffee, etc) as you can. Drinking warm liquids has the same effect as gargling, but in the reverse direction. They wash off proliferating viruses from the throat into the stomach where they cannot survive, proliferate or do any harm.

I suggest you pass this on to your entire e-list. You never know who might pay attention to it - and STAY ALIVE because of it...
Publish Date :  Oct-06-2017

IDENTIFY EVERYDAY RISKS .

Create a list of the potentially unhealthy issues in your environment. Think of visible, known problems — and then flip the question and ask: What’s missing? Look for the absence of healthy alternatives. List as many concerns as possible, then categorize based on location: home, workplace, school, community and society. For example:
Home: Faulty wiring in guest room; water leaks in basement; too many processed, carbohydrate-rich foods in pantry
Workplace: Doughnuts served at office meetings instead of healthier snacks; no walking path around office; high stress and not enough social support at work .
School: Unhealthy school lunch options; not enough trees or plants; recess shortened by testing requirements .
Community: Need a speed bump on a busy local street; not enough green spaces for everyone; not enough child care or elder care; more fast-food restaurants than affordable markets .
Society: Housing or employment policies create unfair barriers or burdens; too little invested in prevention and public health .
Some of these problems you might be able to fix yourself. For the others, the rest of this checklist offers different avenues.
Publish Date :  Sep-26-2017

TAKE CHARGE OF YOUR HEALTH CARE

You may be the patient. But that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be an active participant in getting the best possible care.
Publish Date :  Sep-20-2017

HEALTH CARE

The act of taking preventative or necessary medical procedures to improve a persons well-being. This may be done with surgery, the administering of medicine, or other alterations in a persons lifestyle. These services are typically offered through a health care system made up of hospitals and physicians.
Publish Date :  Sep-16-2017

CALCIUM

Your body uses calcium to build healthy bones and teeth, keep them strong as you age, send messages through the nervous system, and regulate the heart’s rhythm. As well as leading to osteoporosis, not getting enough calcium in your diet can also contribute to anxiety, depression, and sleep difficulties. Whatever your age or gender, it’s vital to include calcium-rich foods in your diet, limit those that deplete calcium, and get enough magnesium and vitamins D and K to help calcium do its job.
Publish Date :  Sep-14-2017

FIBER

Eating foods high in dietary fiber (grains, fruit, vegetables, nuts, and beans) can help you stay regular and lower your risk for heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. It can also improve your skin and even help you to lose weight. Depending on your age and gender, nutrition experts recommend you eat at least 21 to 38 grams of fiber each day for optimal health. Unfortunately, most of us arent eating even half that amount.
Publish Date :  Sep-09-2017

CARBOHYDRATES

Carbohydrates are one of your body’s main sources of energy. But most should come from complex, unrefined carbs (vegetables, whole grains, fruit) rather than sugars and refined carbs that have been stripped of all bran, fiber, and nutrients. Cutting back on white bread, pastries, starches, and sugar can prevent rapid spikes in blood sugar, fluctuations in mood and energy, and a build-up of fat, especially around your waistline .
Publish Date :  Sep-05-2017

Hepatitis

What is hepatitis ?
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue.
Your liver is located in the right upper area of your abdomen. It performs many critical functions that affect metabolism throughout your body, including:
bile production, which is essential to digestion
filtering of toxins from your body
excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and drugs
breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
activation of enzymes, which are specialized proteins essential to body functions
storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and K)
synthesis of blood proteins, such as albumin
synthesis of clotting factors
Treatment options vary depending on which type of hepatitis you have. You can prevent some forms of hepatitis through immunizations and lifestyle precautions.
Types Of hepatitis :- The 5 types of viral hepatitis
Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A different virus is responsible for each type of virally transmitted hepatitis.
Hepatitis A is always an acute, short-term disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most likely to become ongoing and chronic. Hepatitis E is usually acute but can be particularly dangerous in pregnant women.
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). This type of hepatitis is most commonly transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from a person infected with hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C comes from the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, typically through injection drug use and sexual contact.
Hepatitis D
Also called delta hepatitis, hepatitis D is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). HDV is contracted through direct contact with infected blood. Hepatitis D is a rare form of hepatitis that only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus can’t multiply without the presence of hepatitis B. Hepatitis E
Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and typically results from ingesting fecal matter that contaminates the water supply. Causes Causes of noninfectious hepatitis
Alcohol and other toxins
Excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver damage and inflammation. This is sometimes referred to as alcoholic hepatitis. The alcohol directly injures the cells of your liver. Over time, it can cause permanent damage and lead to liver failure and cirrhosis , a thickening and scarring of the liver.
Other toxic causes of hepatitis include overuse or overdose of medications and exposure to poisons.
Autoimmune system response
In some cases, the immune system mistakes the liver as a harmful object and begins to attack it. It causes ongoing inflammation that can range from mild to severe, often hindering liver function. It’s three times more common in women than in men.
Symptoms Common symptoms of hepatitis :-
If you have infectious forms of hepatitis that are chronic, like hepatitis B and C, you may not have symptoms in the beginning. Symptoms may not occur until the damage affects liver function.
Signs and symptoms of acute hepatitis appear quickly. They include:
fatigue
flu-like symptoms
dark urine
pale stool
abdominal pain
loss of appetite
unexplained weight loss
yellow skin and eyes, which may be signs of jaundice
Chronic hepatitis develops slowly, so these signs and symptoms may be too subtle to notice.
Diagnosis How hepatitis is diagnosed :-
History and physical exam
To diagnose hepatitis, first your doctor will take your history to determine any risk factors you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitis.
During a physical examination, your doctor may press down gently on your abdomen to see if there’s pain or tenderness. Your doctor may also feel to see if your liver is enlarged. If your skin or eyes are yellow, your doctor will note this during the exam.
Liver function tests
Liver function tests use blood samples to determine how efficiently your liver works. Abnormal results of these tests may be the first indication that there is a problem, especially if you don’t show any signs on a physical exam of liver disease. High liver enzyme levels may indicate that your liver is stressed, damaged, or not functioning properly.
Other blood tests
If your liver function tests are abnormal, your doctor will likely order other blood tests to detect the source of the problem. These tests can check for the viruses that cause hepatitis. They can also be used to check for antibodies that are common in conditions like autoimmune hepatitis.
Ultrasound
An abdominal ultrasound uses ultrasound waves to create an image of the organs within your abdomen. This test allows your doctor to take a close at your liver and nearby organs. It can reveal:
fluid in your abdomen
liver damage or enlargement
liver tumors
abnormalities of your gallbladder
Sometimes the pancreas shows up on ultrasound images as well. This can be a useful test in determining the cause of your abnormal liver function.
Liver biopsy
A liver biopsy is an invasive procedure that involves your doctor taking a sample of tissue from your liver. It can be done through your skin with a needle and doesn’t require surgery. Typically, an ultrasound is used to guide your doctor when taking the biopsy sample.
This test allows your doctor to determine how infection or inflammation has affected your liver. It can also be used to sample any areas in your liver that appear abnormal.
Treatment How hepatitis is treated
Treatment options are determined by which type of hepatitis you have and whether the infection is acute or chronic.
HEPATITIS - A
Hepatitis A usually doesn’t require treatment because it’s a short-term illness. Bed rest may be recommended if symptoms cause a great deal of discomfort. If you experience vomiting or diarrhea, follow your doctor’s orders for hydration and nutrition.
The hepatitis A vaccine is available to prevent this infection. Most children begin vaccination between ages 12 and 18 months. It’s a series of two vaccines. Vaccination for hepatitis A is also available for adults and can be combined with the hepatitis B vaccine.
HEPATITIS - B
Acute hepatitis B doesn’t require specific treatment.
Chronic hepatitis B is treated with antiviral medications. This form of treatment can be costly because it must be continued for several months or years. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B also requires regular medical evaluations and monitoring to determine if the virus is responding to treatment.
Hepatitis B can be prevented with vaccination. The CDC recommends hepatitis B vaccinations for all newborns. The series of three vaccines is typically completed over the first six months of childhood. The vaccine is also recommended for all healthcare and medical personnel.
HEPATITIS - C
Antiviral medications are used to treat both acute and chronic forms of hepatitis C. People who develop chronic hepatitis C are typically treated with a combination of antiviral drug therapies. They may also need further testing to determine the best form of treatment.
People who develop cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver disease as a result of chronic hepatitis C may be candidates for a liver transplant.
Currently, there is no vaccination for hepatitis C.
HEPATITIS - D
No antiviral medications exist for the treatment of hepatitis D at this time. According to a 2013 study , a drug called alpha interferon can be used to treat hepatitis D, but it only shows improvement in about 25 to 30 percent of people.
Hepatitis D can be prevented by getting the vaccination for hepatitis B, as infection with hepatitis B is necessary for hepatitis D to develop.
HEPATITIS - E
Currently, no specific medical therapies are available to treat hepatitis E. Because the infection is often acute, it typically resolves on its own. People with this type of infection are often advised to get adequate rest, drink plenty of fluids, get enough nutrients, and avoid alcohol. However, pregnant women who develop this infection require close monitoring and care.
Autoimmune hepatitis
Corticosteroids, like prednisone or budesonide, are extremely important in the early treatment of autoimmune hepatitis. They’re effective in about 80 percent of people with this condition.
Azothioprine ( Imuran ), a drug that suppresses the immune system, is often included in treatment. It can be used with or without steroids.
Other immune suppressing drugs like mycophenolate (CellCept), tacrolimus (Prograf) and cyclosporine (Neoral) can also be used as alternatives to azathioprine for treatment.
Prevention Tips to prevent hepatitis
Hygiene
Practicing good hygiene is one key way to avoid contracting hepatitis A and E. If you’re traveling to a developing country, you should avoid:
local water
ice
raw or undercooked shellfish and oysters raw fruit and vegetables
Hepatitis B, C, and D contracted through contaminated blood can be prevented by:
not sharing drug needles
not sharing razors
not using someone else’s toothbrush
not touching spilled blood
Hepatitis B and C can also be contracted through sexual intercourse and intimate sexual contact. Practicing safe sex by using condoms and dental dams can help decrease the risk of infection.
Vaccines
The use of vaccines is an important key to preventing hepatitis. Vaccinations are available to prevent the development of hepatitis A and B. Experts are currently developing vaccines against hepatitis C.
Complications Complications of hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis B or C can often lead to more serious health problems. Because the virus affects the liver, people with chronic hepatitis B or C are at risk for:
chronic liver disease
cirrhosis
liver cancer
When your liver stops functioning normally, liver failure can occur. Complications of liver failure include:
bleeding disorders
a buildup of fluid in your abdomen, known as ascites
increased blood pressure in portal veins that enter your liver, known as portal hypertension
kidney failure
hepatic encephalopathy , which can involve fatigue, memory loss, and diminished mental abilities due to the buildup of toxins, like ammonia, that affect brain function
hepatocellular carcinoma, which is a form of liver cancer
death
People with chronic hepatitis B and C are encouraged to avoid alcohol because it can accelerate liver disease and failure. Certain supplements and medications can also affect liver function. If you have chronic hepatitis B or C, check with your doctor before taking any new medications.
Publish Date :  Aug-29-2017

Prevent Swine Flu

While you are still healthy and not showing any symptoms of H1N1 infection, in order to prevent proliferation, aggravation of symptoms and development of secondary infections, some very simple steps, not fully highlighted in most official communications, can be practiced (instead of focusing on how to stock N95 or Tamiflu):
1. Frequent hand-washing (well highlighted in all official communications).
2. "Hands-off-the-face" approach. Resist all temptations to touch any part of face (unless you want to eat, bathe or slap).
3. * Gargle twice a day with warm salt water (use Listerine if you dont trust salt)... * H1N1 takes 2-3 days after initial infection in the throat/ nasal cavity to proliferate and show characteristic symptoms. Simple gargling prevents proliferation. In a way, gargling with salt water has the same effect on a healthy individual that Tamiflu has on an infected one. Dont underestimate this simple, inexpensive and powerful preventative method.
4. Similar to 3 above, * clean your nostrils at least once every day with warm salt water. * Not everybody may be good at Jala Neti or Sutra Neti (very good Yoga asanas to clean nasal cavities), but * blowing the nose hard once a day and swabbing both nostrils with cotton buds dipped in warm salt water is very effective in bringing down viral population. *
5. * Boost your natural immunity with foods that are rich in Vitamin C (Amla and other citrus fruits). * If you have to supplement with Vitamin C tablets, make sure that it also has Zinc to boost absorption.
6. * Drink as much of warm liquids (tea, coffee, etc) as you can. * Drinking warm liquids has the same effect as gargling, but in the reverse direction. They wash off proliferating viruses from the throat into the stomach where they cannot survive, proliferate or do any harm.
I suggest you pass this on to your entire e-list. You never know who might pay attention to it - and STAY ALIVE because of it...
Publish Date :  Aug-22-2017

Dengue fever facts

Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes.
• Symptoms of dengue fever include severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion, and rash. The presence of fever, rash, and headache (the "dengue triad") is characteristic of dengue fever.
• Dengue is prevalent throughout the tropics and subtropics.
• Dengue fever is caused by a virus, and there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue fever, the treatment is directed toward relief of the symptoms (symptomatic treatment).
• Papaya leaf extract can be used to treat dengue fever.
• The acute phase of the illness with fever and muscle pain lasts about one to two weeks.
• Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a specific syndrome that tends to affect children under 10 years of age. This complication of dengue causes abdominal pain, hemorrhage (bleeding), and circulatory collapse (shock).
• The prevention of dengue fever requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue
Publish Date :  Aug-15-2017

Question and Answer about Heart

Qn1. What are the thumb rules for a layman to take care of his heart?
Ans:
1. Diet - Less of carbohydrate, more of protein, less oil
2. Exercise - Half an hours walk, at least five days a week;
3. Quit smoking
4. Control weight
5. Control BP - Blood pressure and Sugar

Qn2. Can we convert fat into muscles?
Ans: It is a dangerous myth. Fat and muscles are made of two different tissues, fat is fat ... Ugly and harmful... Muscle is muscle. Fat can never be converted into a muscle.

Qn3. Its still a grave shock to hear that some apparently healthy person gets a cardiac arrest. How do we understand it in perspective?
Ans: This is called silent attack; that is why we recommend everyone past the age of 30 to undergo routine health checkups.

Qn4. Are heart diseases hereditary?
Ans: Yes.

Qn5. What are the ways in which the heart is stressed? What practices do you suggest to de-stress?
Ans: Change your attitude towards life. Do not look for perfection in everything in life.

Qn6. Is walking better than jogging or is more intensive exercise required to keep a healthy heart?
Ans: Walking is better than jogging, since jogging leads to early fatigue and injury to joints.

Qn7. You have done so much for the poor and needy. What has inspired you to do so?
Ans: MOTHER THERESA, who was my patient.

Qn8. Can people with low blood pressure suffer heart diseases?
Ans: Extremely rare.

Qn9. Does cholesterol accumulate right from an early age (Im currently only 22) or do you have to worry about it only after you are above 30 years of age?
Ans: Cholesterol accumulates from childhood.

Qn10. How do irregular eating habits affect the heart ?
Ans: You tend to eat junk food when the habits are irregular and your bodys enzyme release for digestion gets confused.

Qn11. How can I control cholesterol content without using medicines?
Ans: Control diet, walk and eat walnut.

Qn12. Which is the best and worst food for the heart?
Ans: Fruits and vegetables are the best and oil is the worst.

Qn13. Which oil is better - groundnut, sunflower, olive?
Ans: Oils do no good for humans.

Qn14. What is the routine checkup one should go through? Is there any specific test?
Ans: Routine blood test to ensure sugar, cholesterol is ok. Check BP, Treadmill test after an echo.

Qn15. What are the first aid steps to be taken on a heart attack?
Ans: Help the person into a sleeping position, place an aspirin tablet under the tongue with a sorbitrate tablet if available, and rush him to a coronary care unit, since the maximum casualty takes place within the first hour.

Qn17. What is the main cause of a steep increase in heart problems amongst youngsters? I see people of about 30-40 yrs of age having heart attacks and serious heart problems.
Ans: Increased awareness has increased incidents. Also, sedentary lifestyles, smoking, junk food, lack of exercise in a country where people are genetically three times more vulnerable for heart attacks than Europeans and Americans.
Publish Date :  Aug-08-2017

FAT

Not all fat is the same. While bad fats can wreck your diet and increase your risk of certain diseases, good fats protect your brain and heart. In fact, healthy fats—such as omega-3s—are vital to your physical and emotional health. Understanding how to include more healthy fat in your diet can help improve your mood, boost your well-being, and even trim your waistline
Publish Date :  Aug-02-2017

PROTEIN

Protein gives us the energy to get up and go—and keep going—while also supporting mood and cognitive function. Too much protein can be harmful to people with kidney disease, but the latest research suggests that many of us need more high-quality protein, especially as we age. That doesn’t mean you have to eat more animal products—a variety of plant-based sources of protein each day can ensure your body gets all the essential protein it needs .
Publish Date :  Jul-24-2017

HOW CAN HEALTHY EATING IMPROVE YOUR MOOD

We all know that eating right can help you maintain a healthy weight and avoid certain health problems, but your diet can also have a profound effect on your mood and sense of wellbeing. Studies have linked eating a typical Western diet—filled with processed meats, packaged meals, takeout food, and sugary snacks—with higher rates of depression, stress, bipolar disorder, and anxiety. Eating an unhealthy diet may even play a role in the development of mental health disorders such as ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, and schizophrenia, or in the increased risk of suicide in young people.
Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables, cooking meals at home, and reducing your intake of sugar and refined carbohydrates, on the other hand, may help to improve mood and lower your risk for mental health issues. If you have already been diagnosed with a mental health problem, eating well can even help to manage your symptoms and regain control of your life.
Publish Date :  Jul-19-2017

HEALTHY EATING IS SIMPLE

Healthy eating is simple, according to Marion Nestle, who expresses the mainstream view among scientists who study nutrition:
The basic principles of good diets are so simple that I can summarize them in just ten words: eat less, move more, eat lots of fruits and vegetables. For additional clarification, a five-word modifier helps: go easy on junk foods. Follow these precepts and you will go a long way toward preventing the major diseases of our overfed society—coronary heart disease, certain cancers, diabetes, stroke, osteoporosis, and a host of others.... These precepts constitute the bottom line of what seem to be the far more complicated dietary recommendations of many health organizations and national and international governments and they leave plenty of room for enjoying the pleasures of food.
Publish Date :  Jul-16-2017

A HEALTHY DIET

A healthy diet is one that helps to maintain or improve overall health. A healthy diet provides the body with essential nutrition: fluid, adequate essential amino acids from protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and adequate calories. The requirements for a healthy diet can be met from a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods. A healthy diet supports energy needs and provides for human nutrition without exposure to toxicity or excessive weight gain from consuming excessive amounts. Where lack of calories is not an issue, a properly balanced diet (in addition to exercise) is also thought to be important for lowering health risks, such as obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cancer. Arious nutrition guides are published by medical and governmental institutions to educate the public on what they should be eating to promote health. Nutrition facts labels are also mandatory in some countries to allow consumers to choose between foods based on the components relevant to health.
The idea of dietary therapy (using dietary choices to maintain health and improve poor health) is quite old and thus has both modern scientific forms (medical nutrition therapy) and prescientific forms (such as dietary therapy in traditional Chinese medicine).
Publish Date :  Jul-13-2017

DEVELOPING HEALTHY EATING HABITS

Developing healthy eating habits isn’t as confusing or as restrictive as many people imagine. The essential steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants—vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)—and limit highly processed foods. Here are our guidelines for building a healthy diet.
Publish Date :  Jul-08-2017

HEALTHY EATING

Healthy eating is not about strict dietary limitations, staying unrealistically thin, or depriving yourself of the foods you love. Rather, it’s about feeling great, having more energy, improving your health, and stabilizing your mood. If you feel overwhelmed by all the conflicting nutrition and diet advice out there, you’re not alone. It seems that for every expert who tells you a certain food is good for you, you’ll find another saying exactly the opposite. But by using these simple tips, you can cut through the confusion and learn how to create a tasty, varied, and nutritious diet that is as good for your mind as it is for your body.
Publish Date :  Jul-05-2017

Health Checkups

Weve all heard about well-baby visits, but if youre a healthy adult, you probably have no plan to see a doctor. When theres nothing to complain about, many of us go years without a comprehensive medical check-up
Publish Date :  Jun-23-2017

The general medical examination

The general medical examination is a common form of preventive medicine involving visits to a general practitioner by well feeling adults on a regular basis. This is generally yearly or less frequently. It is known under various non-specific names, such as the periodic health evaluation, annual physical, comprehensive medical exam, general health check, preventive health examination, medical check-up or simply medical.
Publish Date :  Jun-23-2017

About Heart

The heart rate may be too slow or too fast; it may stay steady or become chaotic (irregular and disorganized). ... Circulatory: High Blood Pressure and coronary artery disease (blockage in the pipes of the heart) are the main causes of blood vessel disorders. The results, such as stroke or heart attack, can be devastating.
Publish Date :  Jun-13-2017